Celebrity chef, Anthony Bourdain, took his own life sometime on the evening of June 7th, or in the early hours of June 8th, 2018. His body was found in his hotel room in Kaysersberg, France, while on location for the shooting of an episode of his popular television series, Parts Unknown. Bourdain was a writer extraordinaire, who artfully introduced his audience to exotic cultures worldwide through the lens of gastronomy.
Astrologers use diverse methods to analyze the components of a natal horoscope, and note the transits and progressions that set their findings into motion. The examination of Anthony Bourdain’s chart focuses on a small segment of the wheel, drawing attention to what is called the Sharp Destiny, identified in his case, by a square between Jupiter and Saturn. The technique is part of a collection of advanced procedures that were developed in the mid-20th century by astrologer par excellence, Marc Edmund Jones. The Sharp Destiny explains Bourdain’s early struggles in life, and assists in his growth and later successes. Failures and achievements are both born of this challenging aspect, and a native is clearly at an advantage when recognizing the blessing of its presence in the chart, and works to actualize its elevated purpose.
In his Essentials of Astrological Analysis, Jones gives startling insight into the psyche of anyone with this aspect, and no exception is found in the life of the charismatic chef and storyteller, who would have benefited greatly from the following description.
JUPITER AND SATURN IN A SQUARE ASPECT indicate an ordering of life’s fundamental motives through which the native usually suffers very immediate consequences of the least neglect or abuse of his own potentials. He finds he must fight continually for the ideals in which he has come to take the most consistent interest, and also learns that his conscious well-being is wholly dependent on the moral struggles in which he becomes involved almost inevitably at every stage of his experience. If he does not relish the days in which he seems torn to pieces in self-uncertainty, he must discover ways to tear himself apart deliberately and in equally painful fashion on the behalf either of some cause of real significance or some conception that he can dramatize through his own being. Personal existence under this configuration can become either great opportunity or else a gradual disintegration of the soul in the very core of itself.1
The lifelong tension between the energies of Jupiter and Saturn is the celestial factor that brought Bourdain’s attention to the anxiety and feelings of guilt he struggled with when weighing moral concerns of right and wrong. In his own words, “. . . oh God, whatever I did yesterday is really shameful and embarrassing, and that’s the story of a lot of my life . . . I’m constitutionally unable to wake up in the morning and to know that the show we did was really cynical, stupid and I don’t care if people like it. . .” 2 He was prone to confronting his actions in hindsight, and that is the mark of the Sharp Destiny’s ultra self-reflection. Bourdain, unaware that periodic crises were provoked by the square, lacked an understanding of the forces at play. This left him at a disadvantage when dealing with his sensitivities and insecurities, and so at an early age he sought solace through drugs and alcohol.
Addiction can be compulsive escapism that becomes a hindrance to true self-discovery, and yet, for the person with a Sharp Destiny, the urgency to find answers is very real. In the face of formidable challenges, Bourdain admitted to taking a good hard look in the mirror, and saw someone deep inside who was worth saving. He candidly opened up in an on-screen therapy session about his past substance abuse when he stated, “Something was missing in me. Whether it was a self-image situation, whether it was a character flaw … some dark genie inside me — that I very much hesitate to call a disease — that led me to dope.”3
The Sharp Destiny acts as a reality check, making one uncomfortably aware of personal shortcomings. Bourdain often showed traits of humility and compassion, but also was a self-confessed narcissist, and his self-defeating “bad-boy” demeanor blocked the utilization of transformative principles he was exposed to through Buddhism. One can view the Sharp Destiny as a celestial non-doctrinal approach encouraging personal growth, but in spite of periodic revelations, the native was left to battle his “demons” on his own.
THE PLANETARY DEPARTMENTS
Jones’ innovative techniques were based on early astrological practices, and he expounds on them in his writings to give a deeper and more comprehensive scope to chart interpretation. In his chapter on Self-Ordering in The Essentials, he begins by pairing the planets into four distinct departments of Self-Determination.4 Each departmental pair is then assessed for a possible major aspect between their positive and negative significators. To complete the analysis, with what Jones calls the Mode of Self-Integration, he pits two pairs in major aspect against two that are not, to define how a native psychologically approaches external circumstances and opportunities. The four planetary departments of Self-Determination are:
1) Sun and Moon of Vitality, as the organic will-to-be of the Greater Light coupled with the Lesser Light’s emotional response to its surroundings;
2) Jupiter and Saturn as they define the soul’s personal Motivation through enthusiastic outreach, paired with its complimentary sober self-reflection;
3) Mars and Venus are paired to establish Efficiency in experience through the initiative of Mars in concert with Venus’ gratifying completion; and
4) Uranus and Neptune, the planets of Significance, as they work together to encourage the elevation and expansion of consciousness. Mercury and Pluto are supernumerary and not categorized in a planetary department.
THE SHARP AND LOOSE DESTINY
Each planetary department is vital for a well-rounded involvement in the business of everyday living. However, it is the role of the department of Motivation to introduce to the native the responsibility to develop self-awareness and personal accountability as a necessary foundation for higher consciousness. The pair’s prominence or lesser influence in the chart is determined by the major aspects between them, signifying whether a life is lived through a Sharp or Loose Destiny. The aspect allowance between Jupiter and Saturn has an orb of 10 degrees. A Sharp Destiny is identified when the pair of Motivation is in conjunction, square, or opposition, with each aspect characterized by its own definition. These formidable aspects produce a continuous self-monitoring that should lead to a dedication to high moral standards.5 A Loose Destiny is found in the chart with Jupiter and Saturn in sextile, trine, or not in major aspect, allowing the native to be more relaxed in the judgment of their own or others’ acts and attitudes, and with relative freedom from the pressures of environmental influence.6 The contribution of the Sharp and Loose Destiny, as they relate to all other chart configurations, helps form the basic differences in life potentials. Jones elaborates, “The fundamental distinction is between the life with its course rather well determined at birth or before, and the one where there is little preset in its development.”7
BOURDAIN’S SHARP DESTINY
Using the Placidus house system, Chart 1 shows natal Saturn in the 4th house of the soul’s deeper impulses as it applies in square to Jupiter near the cusp of the 2nd house of personal and financial resources. The aspect is in a mere 45 minutes of separation. Natal Pluto conjuncts Jupiter with an orb of 1 degree 13 minutes, and at the same time applies in square to natal Saturn with an orb of only 28 minutes. Pluto’s intimate participation in the square buttresses the effects of the Sharp Destiny and greatly amplifies its overall power in the chart. Its presence in close contact with Jupiter increased Bourdain’s already good fortune, and was the indicator of his, at times, brutal honesty. This formation of planetary influences reveals a portion of the native’s promise in natal terms, but it is the transits and progressions that signal the timing of events that propel its potentials toward self-actualization. Natal Venus, Sun and Neptune flank the complex square with sextiles that ease an otherwise solely tense situation.
PROGRESSIONS TO THE SHARP DESTINY
The activation of the Sharp Destiny in Bourdain’s chart focuses primarily on Saturn and Pluto as each transition from natal characteristics to the role it plays as a Dynamic catalyst. Natal planets within their aspect networks manifest on a subtle level throughout life, but the promptings of transits and progressions put the native on alert to deeper possibilities latent within. Saturn and Pluto, in the chart under discussion, awakened the full force of the Sharp Destiny with three important progressed aspects. In chronological order, they are a progressed Saturn station, the progressed Pluto conjunct natal Jupiter, and progressed Saturn square natal Pluto.
Progressed Saturn Station Direct
Progressed stations mark pivotal life changes, even when they are not in close aspect with natal planets – a prerequisite for transit stations. Whether turning retrograde or direct a progressed station signals a halt in time and space, to change and rearrange things within and without, in life’s ever-pressing journey. According to Jones, “The phenomenon in the secondary directions always identifies a subtle or psychological shift in the fundamental course in life, such as requires a critical regrasp of experience.”8
The progressed stations during Bourdain’s lifespan were Neptune, Venus, Saturn, and Mars, stationing at ages 14, 19, 36 and 47 respectively. Here, the focus is on the station of Saturn because it takes part in the formation of the Sharp Destiny. On September 3, 1991, Saturn stationed to go direct at 26 Scorpio 10, approximately 36 days after birth, and corresponds to age 36, the time of dramatic opportunity for the native’s career advancement. The station is circled on the ephemeris graph of July 1956.
A station is effective for a period of time before and after the exact pause in its motion. The slowly developing Station of Saturn highlighted Bourdain’s evolution from dishwasher and line cook to executive chef. He matured into his new position by realizing his latent integrity, enabling him to live up to more demanding responsibilities. Jessica Lindsay of Metro News stated, “By 1992, Bourdain was executive chef at Manhattan’s Brasserie Les Halles, where he remained for a number of years.”9 His advancement corresponds with a station going direct, marking an outward step in life rather than an inward withdrawal, synchronous with a station retrograde. It was rewarding for one who had long paid his dues to be elevated as overseer of the then prominent New York brasserie. Jones further explains a progressed station, “. . . it often proves to be an adjustment over an appreciable span of time, whether marked by some single sharp event of easy identification or by a complex syndrome of changes of less obvious interrelation.” The turning point in the early 1990s came from both a single event and a tireless work-ethic over an appreciable span of time. Menial labor gave way to an illustrious career.
Progressed Pluto Conjunct Natal Jupiter
Pluto’s ultra-slow movement in its orbit of the Sun can have only limited Dynamic contacts with natal planets during the span of a lifetime. However, in Bourdain’s chart, Pluto is already in close conjunction with Jupiter and has only a short distance to progress to complete its aspect. The conjunction was exact on March 11, 2000 and occurred at age 44 when the Greater Benefic, prodded by powerful Pluto, launched him from executive chef to become one of the world’s most influential and celebrated food and travel television hosts.
The progression synchronizes with Bourdain’s groundbreaking article, Don’t Eat Before Reading This, published in the April 1999 issue of The New Yorker Magazine. The article opened the door that same year for his tell-all book and best-seller, Kitchen Confidential: Adventures in the Culinary Underbelly.10 These writings marked the author’s rise from relative obscurity to fame and fortune. About his past difficulties and new-found fortune, Bourdain told Wealth Simple, “I didn’t put anything aside, ever. Money came in, money went out. I was always a paycheck behind, at least. I usually owed my chef my paycheck: again, cocaine. Until I was 44, I never even had a savings account.”11 And in Kitchen Confidential he wrote, “Only one in four has a chance at making it…. And right there, I knew that if one of us was getting off dope, and staying off dope, it was going to be me. I was going to live. I was the guy.” These statements illustrate Jones’ positive potentials of a Sharp Destiny; for at least 17 years hence, the native tore himself away from financial ineptitude and obsessive drug abuse for a cause he could dramatize through his creative role as the philosophical, wandering gourmet.
Progressed Saturn Square Natal Pluto
Exact on April 2, 2016, at the age of 60, Bourdain’s progressed Saturn completed its fulcrum square to natal Pluto. Squares in progressions are considered fulcrum because they play the crucial role of defining an inner compulsion for change, which Jones described as, “. . . a critical self-mobilization required by the native under the pressure of objective events.”12 The characteristics of this particular square correspond to Bourdain’s official split in September 2016 from his wife of nine years, Ottavia Busia. The aspect also marked the start of a new and captivating love affair. In an article in Eonline.com, about the parting of ways with Busia, an insider stated that, “there was no one else involved.”13 It is not certain if that is factual, given that shortly after the separation, news reports proclaimed his budding romance with Italian actress Asia Argento, who appeared in the December episode of Parts Unknown filmed in Rome. Obviously, the couple must have had contact before the episode aired, and although there is no exact date published for their first meeting, it was undoubtedly before their romance became public, and perhaps closer to the exact date of the life-altering square.
A COMPARISON OF POTENTIALS – Bourdain and Argento, Venus to Pluto Cross Conjunction
In a comparison of charts, the conjunction and the opposition aspects are the important planetary connections to look for when seeking longevity in a relationship. Synastry between the lovers reveals two planetary conjunctions within or about the allowable 1-degree orb. First of the two conjunctions to note is Argento’s Venus at 25 Leo 31 as it applies within a 1 degree 8-minute conjunction with Bourdain’s Pluto at 26 Leo 39. Due to Pluto’s proximity with Jupiter, their irresistible, mutual attraction drew her sensibilities into the confines and influence of his Sharp Destiny. And here is the astrological validation for the Plutonian obsession displayed by the storyteller toward the actress. His fixation on her alarmed his friends, who likened him to a love-struck teenager, as documented in their remarks made to People.com.14 On the positive side, the conjunction stirred Argento to great affection for him, and as a film director, she contributed her artistic Venusian touch to several episodes of Parts Unknown. Bourdain reciprocated with loyal support of her involvement in the #MeToo sexual abuse movement.
Saturn to Uranus Cross Conjunction
An equally important conjunction is Saturn at 0 Leo 17 from Argento’s chart applying to Bourdain’s Uranus at 0 Leo 49 – well within the accepted 1-degree orb. Positioned in the exact same degree, their planets share the Sabian Symbol, A case of apoplexy. Both cross pairs between the couple have Argento holding the reins of the relationship because it is her planets that apply to his.
Interestingly, this contact draws Argento’s Sharp Destiny into the picture, with Bourdain in this instance providing a planet to her fated square. When both individuals contribute a Sharp Destiny to the relationship it is cause for some concern. In this case, the tension is exacerbated because their Sharp Destinies are tied through the synastry of the cross pair. Jones explains, “The partnership develops its best potentials for them as they are able to survive strains and crises that often prove very tragic.”15 Examples given by Jones are the kidnapping and murder of the Lindbergh baby, and the accidental death of Queen Astrid while in partnership with King Leopold of Belgium.
Without consideration of its involvement with Argento’s Sharp Destiny, the Saturn to Uranus pairing hints of contrasting proclivities the natives would need to endure. While Saturn influences her toward sobering resistance because of their age difference and professional and family obligations, his Uranus tends to minimize rules as it vies for unconventionality. Apparently, the couple resolved conflicting demands with the understanding of the freedom necessary to pursue their separate careers and lifestyles. This “liberated” arrangement and the influence of the duel and linked Sharp Destinies, set the stage for the unfortunate suicide.
TRANSITS TO CROSSTIES
Eclipses are transits and are supplemental to the all-important progressions. Together they simultaneously create a complex platform of multi-dimensional experience. There were several solar and lunar eclipses throughout 2017 and 2018 that were interacting with Bourdain’s natal planets. The most impactful of these was the total solar eclipse of August 21, 2017, that fell within a few degrees of his Pluto. Besides being a stimulus for his own independent involvements, the eclipse energized the couple’s Venus-Pluto crosstie.
An eclipse stimulating a shared zodiacal point draws a powerful focus to relationship potentials. It intensifies the interaction characterized by the planet meanings, the function of the signs they occupy, and the circumstances of the houses involved. It is likely that the total eclipse lifted the couple to emotional sublime heights, enhanced by demonstrative Leo and its association with the glamor of the entertainment world. They appeared together on the Red Carpet at the Emmy Awards on September 17, 2017. Bourdain did not win an Emmy award that year, but the eclipse does correspond to his nomination in five categories.
From the beginning of their relationship in 2016 until its tragic end in 2018 – and not before or after – eclipses were perpetually energizing their ardent crosstie. With an orb allowance of 5 degrees, there was the penumbral lunar eclipse on August 18, 2016 opposite the crosstie at 25 Aquarius 52; the penumbral lunar eclipse on February 10, 2017 conjunct the crosstie at 22 Leo 28; the previously noted total solar eclipse August 21, 2017 conjunct the crosstie at 28 Leo 53; and the partial solar eclipse on February 15, 2018 opposite the crosstie at 27 Aquarius 08.
THE DYNAMICS OF 2018
On May 31, 2018, one week before the suicide, Uranus was transiting Bourdain’s Midheaven at 0 Taurus 49, and was in exact square to its natal position in the 12th house, bringing his hidden inner turmoil into public view at the Midheaven. Uranus in transit was also just leaving its conjunction with the progressed Moon, as it ingressed into the 10th house at 0 Taurus 04. And the progressed Moon was also in “hard” aspect to natal Uranus.
The full lineup of challenging progressed Moon aspects appears on the Aspect List from March until June 2018. The progressed Moon alternated between squares to its natal position and to natal Uranus for four months. Moon progressions have a two-month duration and events often occur on the days the progressed Moon enters, is exact, and leaves its aspect. Bourdain’s suicide synchronized with the very day on which the progressed Moon was leaving its square to natal Uranus. One month later, Moon progressions turned toward emotionally easier sextiles and trines into early 2020. Had Bourdain been aware of this, perhaps he would have been encouraged to soldier-on. Chart 2 and the Aspect List show the network of aspects leading to June 8, 2018, when Bourdain’s body was found.
Argento was also drawn into this astrological composite, with both transiting Uranus and Bourdain’s progressed Moon making a tight opposition to her natal Uranus at 0 Scorpio 37, and both aspects made a square to her natal Saturn. As these aspects triggered the couple’s Saturn-Uranus cross pair, the February solar eclipse, still in effect in June, did the same with their Venus-Pluto tie. The Sharp Destinies in both their horoscopes were brought to life simultaneously at the time of the suicide.
The most visible event related to these aspects is the publication of the compromising photos of Argento with French reporter Hugo Clement taken by photographer, Agostino Fabio, as they strolled affectionately down the streets of Rome. Paparazzi photographer, Rino Barillari, also took photos of them dancing after dinner at a well-known restaurant bar. Once Argento realized they had been photographed, she asked to have the images deleted. She was obviously aware that if the images were in print or online they could be seen by Bourdain, who might find them disturbing, in spite of her claim that they had an open relationship. The photographer did not delete them, and they were promptly published, going viral on June 5, 2018 – just days before Bourdain took his life. After hearing of Bourdain’s death, Barillari expressed regrets for having sold them for publication, and pulled them from the internet. He told Italian newspaper La Verità, “A picture is not worth a life. If that shot triggered suicide . . . this would make me suffer.” 16
In an interview with Daily Mail, Argento said, “I understand that people wanted to blame me because he was so deeply loved and he entered the hearts of so many people, into their lives, . . . People need to think that he killed himself for something like this? He had cheated on me too. It wasn’t a problem for us.”17
Bourdain, however, was prone to letting even minor things get under his skin. In his Argentinian Parts Unknown episode of 2016, he revealed, “I will find myself in an airport, for instance, and I’ll order an airport hamburger. It’s an insignificant thing, it’s a small thing, it’s a hamburger, but it’s not a good one. Suddenly I look at the hamburger and I find myself in a spiral of depression that can last for days.” In that episode, he also expressed having trouble communicating with people he cared about. Unfortunately, he did not confide in chef and close friend Eric Ripert, who was with him on location in Kaysersberg, nor did he reach out to his lover before his suicide, though according to rumors he had been showing signs of distress for some time.
An in-depth view of the Saturn-Uranus dynamic between Bourdain and Argento is revealed in the following Sabian Symbol.
LEO 1 A case of apoplexy
This is a symbol of an overwhelming potentiality, and of an ever-pressing necessity for genuine self-establishment and personal stability. Implicit in the reversed symbolism is man’s complete lack of inhibition in his everyday make-up, together with his ability to mobilize all his powers, and even risk his own existence rather than accept any thwarting of his desires. Here is emphasis on the unbroken continuity between being and doing, or between identity and its continual manifestation of itself. The keyword is IRRESISTABILITY. When positive, the degree is creativity in the day-by-day expression of the self’s real possibilities, and when negative, thoroughgoing self-indulgence and imposition on others.
The pressure of squares by transits and progressions to this particular degree on the day of his passing undoubtedly figures in with Bourdain’s act of self-inflicted violence. The original symbol is described as, A fat and normally good natured little man of affairs is red to bursting with a determination to have his own way. Although this is far from a literal description of either of the natives, the symbol does suggest that there was for both, an irresistible drive to achieve what they wanted at all costs. Bourdain did pay the highest price when he surrendered his life for yet an undisclosed reason, and it is not a far stretch to assume there were thwarted desires, as the symbol implies.
Sadly, no one can know for certain what the cause of suicide might be when there is little forewarning and no note left behind. Yet the series of unyielding aspects to the couple’s crossties give the impression that the indiscreet photographs were among the concerns on the native’s mind in the days before his death. While one cannot entirely dismiss Asia Argento’s influence on Anthony Bourdain’s emotional state in June 2018, it is not the objective of astrology to find cause or to place blame but to note synchronicity between aspect and experience with the limited knowledge available. In the words of Marc Edmund Jones, “Astrology is the science of probability.” Although aspects may present a tempting scenario, the ultimate truth lies in the heart of he who has passed. For whatever reason, in the end, Bourdain gave way to the negative propensities described by the Sharp Destiny.
BOURDAIN’S SATURN SABIAN SYMBOL
Because of Saturn’s fundamental role in the Sharp Destiny, its importance as a progressed station and its fulcrum square to Pluto, it warrants a mention of its illuminating Sabian Symbol. Rounded to 28 Scorpio, Saturn is in the degree of, King of the fairies approaching his domain. In its original version published in mimeographed form in 1925, the symbol is more explanatory and reads, A pageant of fairyland is made visible to mortal eyes; the king of the little people is welcomed to his domain.
There is a “handful of elfin concepts,” as described by Marc Edmund Jones, among the 360 images that collectively are the Sabian Symbols. Included are: A bunny metamorphosed into a fairy, Brownies dancing in the setting sun, Two fairies on a moonlit night and A man dreaming of fairies. However, King of the fairies holds a unique place in the series by describing the sovereign of the community of elfin characters, also known as the “little people.” Jones elaborates on these images when delineating the Sun degree of Prince Charles of England, explaining the degrees as, “. . . carrying an implication of otherworldliness, or of some psychological exemption from the common limitations of mediocrity, such as is the plague of all too many members of the human family.” He continues, “. . . one cannot ever live for himself, but instead must exit as a special incarnation of some social ideal. He must be the imaginative reality in which others may have their particular self-fulfillment . . . . he essentially becomes a myth figure.”18
SCORPIO 28 The king of the fairies approaching his domain
This is a symbol of the eternal promise underlying all inner self-realization, since any actual fullness of life is altogether independent of the passing state of affairs in a world of time and space. Implicit in the symbolism is the futility of man’s common reliance on people and things through some mere accident of contact. Outer reality takes the form with which he endows it as he exercises his sovereignty over its various potentials in the creative realms of his own imagination. The keyword is ALLEGIANCE. When positive, the degree is a special competence of inward vision and a consequent outward perspective of high effectiveness, and when negative, capricious self-indulgence.
Limitations aside, Bourdain emanated an enchanting persona with which these special degrees endow an individual. His fans and followers honored him with the ultimate homage that was due to a king, or at the very least, a great storyteller on the world stage. Everyone, everywhere, welcomed him into their realm and into their homes, whether on screen or in some far-off parts unknown.
“Low plastic stools, cheap but delicious noodles, cold Hanoi beer. This is how I’ll remember Tony. He taught us about food — but more importantly, about its ability to bring us together, to make us a little less afraid of the unknown. We’ll miss him.”
– Barack Obama, June 8, 2018
Chart Data and notes
Anthony Bourdain, June 25, 1956, New York, NY at 8:35 AM. Rodden Rating A – from memory.
Asia Argento, September 20, 1975, Rome, Italy at 8:07 AM. Rodden Rating AA – quoted BC/BR.
Date of death, June 8, 2018, Kaysersberg, France. Time unknown.
Ephemeris images used with permission from Alois Treindl, astrodienst.com.
Chart wheels sourced through Matrix WinStar 6.0 software. Tropical, Placidus Houses
References and Online Resources (accessed from July to October 2018)
1. Marc Edmund Jones, The Essentials of Astrological Analysis, Sabian Publishing Society, Stanwood, Washington, first edition 1960. Jupiter-Saturn square, p. 125.
2. Chefs at Google, YouTube, October 20, 2011.
3. Parts Unknown, Argentina episode, June 2016 episode.
4. The Essentials of Astrological Analysis, Chapter 3, Mode of Self-Integration, p. 151. Self-Determination, pp. 108 -144
5. Sharp Destiny, Jupiter-Saturn, conjunction, p. 122; square, p. 125; opposition, p. 124
6. Loose Destiny, Jupiter-Saturn, sextile, p. 127; trine, p. 126; no major aspect, 123
7.The Essentials of Astrological Analysis, p. 343
8. Marc Edmund Jones, The Scope of Astrological Prediction, p. 49
9. MetroNews.com, Who was Anthony Bourdain and what were his best culinary moments? Jessica Lindsay, June 8, 2018.
10. Anthony Bourdain, Kitchen Confidential: Adventures in the Culinary Underbelly, Bloomsbury Publishing, 2000.
11. WealthSimple.com, March 14, 2017.
12. The Scope of Astrological Prediction, Fulcrum square p.46.
13. Eonline.com, Comment, “There was no one else involved.” September 19, 2016.
14. People.com: Friends’ comments about the Bourdain-Argento relationship, June 12, 2018.
15. The Essentials of Astrological Analysis, p. 343.
16. Pagesix.com, Photographer, Rino Barillari statements.
17. Argento’s remarks to DailyMail.com, September 24, 2018.
18. The Essentials of Astrological Analysis, p. 317.
Marc Edmund Jones, The Essentials of Astrological Analysis, Sabian Publishing Society, Stanwood, Washington, first edition 1960.
Marc Edmund Jones, The Scope of Astrological Prediction, Sabian Publishing Society, Stanwood, Washington, first edition 1969.
Marc Edmund Jones, The Sabian Symbols in Astrology, Sabian Publishing Society, Stanwood, Washington, first edition 1953.
Anthony Bourdain, Kitchen Confidential: Adventures in the Culinary Underbelly, Bloomsbury Publishing, 2000.